Bloodborne Pathogens

Bloodborne pathogens are microorganisms found in the blood of infected individuals that cause diseases. They may also be present in "other potentially infectious materials," such as blood-tainted body fluids, unfixed tissues or body parts, some biological research materials, and even other primates. These pathogens are a concern because they are capable of infecting others who are exposed to infectious blood or other body fluids.

Some workers are at risk of exposure as a result of their occupational duties, and, these workers are required to receive bloodborne pathogens training prior to initial assignment to tasks where occupational exposure may occur, and then receive refresher training annually thereafter. The training covers a variety of topics aimed at reducing the risk of exposure and disease transmission.

Exposure Control Plan

An Exposure Control Plan is a written action plan that identifies occupational risks and specifies precautionary control measures needed to manage and minimize potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens. A copy of West Texas A & M University’s Exposure Control Plan is available here:

Hepatitis B Vaccination

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a serious bloodborne pathogen that attacks the liver and can cause potentially life-threatening diseases in humans. HBV is transmitted through exposure to blood or other body fluids.

Workers whose job duties have a reasonable anticipation of contact with blood or other potentially infectious materials are required to be offered a vaccination series against HBV. The vaccine is offered after bloodborne pathogens training and within 10 working days of initial assignment to work unless the employee has previously received the complete hepatitis B vaccination series, antibody testing has revealed that the employee is immune, or that the vaccine is contraindicated for medical reasons.

A form for acceptance or declination of the HBV vaccine must be filled out by all workers whose job duties have been identified as placing them at risk for exposure. The standard West Texas A&M University System form is available here: Hepatitis B Vaccination Form

This form should be completed and returned to the designated individual(s) at West Texas A&M University (contact information listed below).

Exposure Incident Reporting

If a bloodborne pathogens exposure incident should occur, report the incident immediately to your supervisor and the safety office. In addition, complete and submit an Employer's First Report of Injury or Illness and, if a contaminated sharp was involved, a Contaminated Sharps Injury Reporting Form. These forms may also be found at the A&M System Workers’ Compensation Insurance website,

DO NOT DELAY! If you think you may have been exposed to human blood or infectious materials through a needlestick or cut, or in your eyes, nose or mouth, do not delay. Right away, thoroughly wash the affected area and then immediately report the exposure to the biological safety contact listed below to receive following care.


If you have any questions about bloodborne pathogens training, your Exposure Control Plan, or your risk of occupational exposure, Hepatitis B vaccination, spill cleanup or waste pickup, contact your safety office or a biosafety specialist using the appropriate information listed below.

Important Contacts

The Assistant Vice President for Risk Management and Director of AREHS, Richard Smith, is available for any questions or concerns regarding bloodborne pathogens. The Director is able to provide additional face to face support and training if needed. Please contact Environmental Health and Safety at 806.651.2740 or by email at

  For training assistance, call: 806.651.2740

  Biological safety: 806.651.2740

  Hepatitis B immunization: 806.651.2740

Spill Cleanup

  Report small spills to 806.651.2740

  Report large spills to 806.651.2740

  Biohazard waste pickup: 806.651.2740