5 Title

Intermediate Algebra
Answer/Discussion to Practice Problems
Tutorial 17: Graphing Linear Inequalities

 I'm going to use the intercepts to help me graph the boundary line.  Again, you can use any method that you want, unless the directions say otherwise. When I'm working with only the boundary line, I will put an equal sign between the two sides to emphasize that we are working on the boundary line.  That doesn't mean that I changed the problem. When we put it all together in the end, I will put the inequality back in. What value is y on the x-intercept? If you said 0, you are correct. If you need a review on x-intercepts, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

 *Replace y with 0 *Inverse of mult. by -3 is div. by -3 *x-intercept

 x-intercept is (0, 0) Since the x-intercept came out to be (0, 0), then it stands to reason that when we put in 0 for x to find the y-intercept, we will get (0, 0).   Let's move on and plug in 1 for x to get a second solution:

 *Replace x with 1

 (1, 3) is another solution on the boundary line.   Plug in -1 for x to get a third solution:

 *Replace x with -1

(-1, 3) is another solution on the boundary line.

Solutions:

 x y (x, y) 0 0 (0, 0) 1 -3 (1, -3) -1 3 (-1, 3)

Since the original problem has a >, this means it DOES include the boundary line.

So are we going to draw a solid or a dashed line for this problem?
It looks like it will have to be a solid line.

Putting it all together, we get the following boundary line for this problem:

 Note how the boundary line separates it into two parts.  An easy test point would be (1, 1).  Note that it is a point that is not on the boundary line. In fact, it is located above the boundary line.  Let's put (1, 1) into the original problem and see what happens:

 *Replacing x and y with 1 *True statement

 Since our test point (1, 1) made our inequality TRUE, this means it is a solution.  Our solution would lie above the boundary line.  This means we will shade in the part that is above it. Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer. (return to problem 1a)

If we wrote this as an equation, it would be y = 3.  This is in the form y = c, which is one of our "special" lines.

Do you remember what type of line y = c graphs as?
It comes out to be a horizontal line.
If you need a review on horizontal lines, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

Every y's value on the boundary line would have to be 3.

Solutions:

 x y (x, y) 0 3 (0, 3) 1 3 (1, 3) 2 3 (2, 3)

 Since the original problem has a <, this means it DOES NOT include the boundary line.  So are we going to draw a solid or a dashed line for this problem?  It looks like it will have to be a dashed line. Putting it all together, we get the following boundary line for this problem:

 Note how the boundary line separates it into two parts.  An easy test point would be (0, 0).  Note that it is a point that is not on the boundary line. In fact, it is located below the boundary line.  Let's put (0, 0) into the original problem and see what happens:

 *Replace y with 0 *True statement

 Since our test point (0, 0) made our inequality TRUE, this means it is a solution.  Our solution would lie below the boundary line.  This means we will shade in the part that is below it Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer. (return to problem 1b)

 Answer/Discussion to 1c   OR

 Graph the First Inequality  Step 1:  Graph the boundary line.

If we wrote this as an equation, it would be y = -5.  This is in the form y = c, which is one of our "special" lines.

Do you remember what type of line y = c graphs as?
It comes out to be a horizontal line.
If you need a review on horizontal lines, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

Every y's value on the boundary line would have to be -5.

Solutions:

 x y (x, y) 0 -5 (0, -5) 1 -5 (1, -5) 2 -5 (2, -5)

 Since the original problem has a >, this means it DOES include the boundary line.  So are we going to draw a solid or a dashed line for this problem?  It looks like it will have to be a solid line. Putting it all together, we get the following boundary line for this problem:

 Note how the boundary line separates it into two parts.  An easy test point would be (0, 0).  Note that it is a point that is not on the boundary line. In fact, it is located above the boundary line.  Let's put (0, 0) into the original problem and see what happens:

 *Replace y with 0 *True statement

 Since our test point (0, 0) made our inequality TRUE, this means it is a solution.  Our solution would lie above the boundary line.  This means we will shade in the part that is above it. Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer.

 Graph the Second Inequality  Step 1:  Graph the boundary line.

If we wrote this as an equation, it would be x = 2.  This is in the form x = c, which is one of our "special" lines.

Do you remember what type of line x = c graphs as?
It comes out to be a vertical line.
If you need a review on vertical lines, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

Every x's value on the boundary line would have to be 2.

Solutions:

 x y (x, y) 2 0 (2, 0) 2 1 (2, 1) 2 2 (2, 2)

 Since the original problem has a >, this means it DOES  NOT include the boundary line.  So are we going to draw a solid or a dashed line for this problem?  It looks like it will have to be a dashed line. Putting it all together, we get the following boundary line for this problem:

 Note how the boundary line separates it into two parts.  An easy test point would be (0, 0).  Note that it is a point that is not on the boundary line. In fact, it is located to the left of the boundary line.  Let's put (0, 0) into the original problem and see what happens:

 *Replace x with 0 *False Statement

 Since our test point (0, 0) made our inequality FALSE, this means it is not a solution.  Our solution would lie to the right of the boundary line.  This means we will shade in the part that is to the right of it Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer.

 The union of the two inequalities is the area on the graph that was shaded in either the first inequality OR the second one OR both.   This is what we get when we union these two inequalities: Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer. (return to problem 1c)

 Answer/Discussion to 1d   AND

 Graph the First Inequality  Step 1:  Graph the boundary line.

 I'm going to use the intercepts to help me graph the boundary line.  Again, you can use any method that you want, unless the directions say otherwise. When I'm working with only the boundary line, I will put an equal sign between the two sides to emphasize that we are working on the boundary line.  That doesn't mean that I changed the problem. When we put it all together in the end, I will put the inequality back in. What value is y on the x-intercept? If you said 0, you are correct. If you need a review on x-intercepts, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

 *Replace x with 0 *Inverse of mult. by 2 is div. by 2   *x-intercept

 x-intercept is (2, 0)   What is the value of x on the y-intercept? If you said 0, you are correct. If you need a review on y-intercepts, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

 *Replace x with 0 *Inverse of mult. by 2 is div. by 2   *y-intercept

 y-intercept is (0, 2).   Plug in 1 for x to get a third solution:

 *Replace x with 1 *Inverse of add 2 is sub. 2 *Inverse of mult. by 2 is div. by 2

(1, 1) is another solution on the boundary line.

Solutions:

 x y (x, y) 2 0 (2, 0) 0 2 (0, 2) 1 1 (1, 1)

Since the original problem has a >, this means it DOES NOT include the boundary line.

So are we going to draw a solid or a dashed line for this problem?
It looks like it will have to be a dashed line.

Putting it all together, we get the following boundary line for this problem:

 Note how the boundary line separates it into two parts.  An easy test point would be (0, 0).  Note that it is a point that is not on the boundary line. In fact, it is located below the boundary line.  Let's put (0, 0) into the original problem and see what happens:

 *Replace x and y with 0 *True statement

 Since our test point (0, 0) made our inequality TRUE, this means it is a solution.  Our solution lies below the boundary line.  This means we will shade in the part that is below it. Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer.

 Graph the Second Inequality  Step 1:  Graph the boundary line.

 I'm going to use the intercepts to help me graph the boundary line.  Again, you can use any method that you want, unless the directions say otherwise. When I'm working with only the boundary line, I will put an equal sign between the two sides to emphasize that we are working on the boundary line.  That doesn't mean that I changed the problem. When we put it all together in the end, I will put the inequality back in. What value is y on the x-intercept? If you said 0, you are correct. If you need a review on x-intercepts, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

 *Replace y with 0   *Inverse of mult. by 2 is div. by 2 *x-intercept

 x-intercept is (2, 0)   What is the value of x on the y-intercept? If you said 0, you are correct. If you need a review on y-intercepts, go to Tutorial 14: Graphing Linear Equations.

 *Replace x with 0 *Inverse of mult. by -4 is div. by -4   *y-intercept

 y-intercept is (0, -1).   Plug in 1 for x to get a third solution:

 *Replace x with 1   *Inverse of add 2 is sub. 2   *Inverse of mult. by -4 is div. by -4

(1, -1/2) is another solution on the boundary line.

Solutions:

 x y (x, y) 2 0 (2, 0) 0 -1 (0, -1) 1 -1/2 (1, -1/2)

Since the original problem has a <, this means it DOES NOT include the boundary line.

So are we going to draw a solid or a dashed line for this problem?
It looks like it will have to be a dashed line.

Putting it all together, we get the following boundary line for this problem:

 Note how the boundary line separates it into two parts.  An easy test point would be (0, 0).  Note that it is a point that is not on the boundary line. In fact, it is located above the boundary line.  Let's put (0, 0) into the original problem and see what happens:

 *Replace x and y with 0 *True statement

 Since our test point (0, 0) made our inequality TRUE, this means it is a solution.  Our solution lies above the boundary line.  This means we will shade in the part that is above it. Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer.

 The intersection of the two inequalities is the area on the graph that was shaded in BOTH the first inequality AND the second inequality.  It is the region where they overlap   This is what we get when we intersect these two inequalities: Note that the gray lines indicate where you would shade your final answer. (return to problem 1d)

Last revised on July 5, 2011 by Kim Seward.
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