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PBJ: Politics, Bureaucracy and Justice Journal Volume 3, Issue 1

PB&J: Volume 3, Issue 1

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PB&J Volume 3, Issue 1


Katyn: The Memory

Author: Shane Langford, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: In the beginning of WWII as Poland was invaded first by the Germans, then the Soviets, the Polish officers were taken as POW’s to three separate camps. In the course of the following months, the vast majority of the officers were executed by the Soviets. Immediately, responsibility for the crime was pinned on the Germans, and this was the stance that the Soviet Union/Russia took for the following decades. This paper will look at the attempts by multiple nations and individuals to uncover the truth concerning Katyn in order to preserve the rightful place of truth and memory in history.

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School-Based Law Enforcement

Author: Mark Curtis Wittie, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: The following paper explains the implementation of Texas school district police officers and defines why and how school districts have the ability to authorize the policing of their campuses. The paper further describes the selection, training, and deployment of district police officers, as well as, why there is a need for police officers in our schools. The term “criminalization of student conduct” is also defined as the article attempts to explain the opposition’s view of having a police presence in the school system. The goal of this paper is to educate the reader on the need of police services in our public school districts in order to keep our children safe and provide a secure environment that promotes the success of our students.

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To "leave the land in a condition equal to or better than we found it": Environmental Activism and the Greening of Big Energy

Author: Byron E. Pearson, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: Energy producers have engaged in systematic efforts to "green" their corporate images, a phenomenon that is directly related to the rise of modern environmentalism after World War Two. From Peabody Coal’s attempts to mitigate the effects of strip-mining during the 1950s, to British Petroleum’s social media campaign to apprise the public of its efforts to restore the Gulf of Mexico in the wake of the catastrophic 2010 oil spill, energy producers have played an important role in the evolution of environmental activism. This article identifies key events that have framed the structure in which current environmental debates take place, analyzes why energy producers appear to be over-represented in these epic struggles, and postulates some possible motives for that phenomenon.

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Racial Attitudes in White Social Workers: Implications for Culturally Sensitive Practice

Author: Melody Loya, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: Helping professionals are charged with providing culturally sensitive services to a growing minority population. This paper examines racial attitudes of White social workers using the Oklahoma Racial Attitudes Scale (ORAS), which was itself based on the theory of White racial consciousness (WRC). Results of an online survey suggest that over one-third of participants in this cross-sectional study fell within the negative racial attitude types of Conflictive and Dominative, raising questions about these practitioners’ ability to provide culturally sensitive services. The paper discusses implications for practice, and practitioners are challenged to become more self-aware and to move beyond a cognitive approach to cultural competence.

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