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PBJ: Politics, Bureaucracy and Justice Journal Volume 1, Issue 2

PB&J: Volume 1, Issue 2

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PB&J Volume 1, Issue 2


U.S. Policy Toward Illegal Immigration and Border Security: Summary and Evaluation

Author: Robert Alexander, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: Immigration has been a recurring issue throughout American history. Recently, American's attention has been diverted from immigration from across the seas, to the immigration concerns at the Mexican American border. This paper examines several policies and studies about immigration. One will gain knowledge of the history of America's immigration and the policies used to regulate immigration. The effects of these policies will also be evaluated. In addition, the reader will learn about potential policies that officials considered implementing, but upon weighing the options, decided against. Finally, the reader will gain an understanding of why Mexican citizens are choosing to immigrate to America.

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The Ninth Amendment in Relation to Abortion and the Consequential Political Action

Author: Lauren Thedford, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: Over the last two centuries the fundamental rights of Americans has been protected through the security of the Bill of Rights and a Democratic system of government that allows constituents to defends their rights when necessary. This paper looks at the fundamental rights of the Ninth Amendment. Both the explicit and implicit rights of the amdendment are discussed, as well as, how those rights affect people, politics, and legislation today.

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Urbanicity, Income and Jury Verdict Amounts in Civil Litigation

Authors: Donna Raef, West Texas A&M University  &  John David Rausch Jr, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: This paper reports on investigation and research explaining possible factors that affect the final award amount given by juries in civil cases. The two key variables examined are urbanicity and median household income. Data on civil trials collected through the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics’ The Civil Justice Survey of State Courts provided the primary data set for the study. The data set includes 156 counties and is a nationally representative sample of bench and jury trials. Urbanicity ratings, as well as median household income, were reported for each county. Pearson's correlations indicated no statistically significant relationship between urbanicity ratings and final award amount or between median household income and final award amount for cases decided by a jury. Evaluations of the linear relationship between final award amount and urbanicity using Pearson's correlation indicated no significant correlation between final award amount and urbanicity ratings. This study concludes that juries were not as susceptible to external influences or factors such as their location and income when awarding the plaintiff of a civil case.

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Impact of Community-Panel Juvenile Drug Court Judges in Woodbury County, Iowa

Author: Dwight Vick,West Texas A&M University

Abstract: Like most drug courts, the Woodbury County, Iowa program is based on therapeutic jurisprudence (TJ) and social bonds theory. It also relies on and trains community volunteers who serve as judges and work directly with clients. The article outlines the requirements for juveniles and community-based judges who are accepted into and remain in the drug court program. Woodbury County's overall success rate is higher than the national average. The difference between this drug court and others is the use of community members. Furthermore, the article combines leadership theories in volunteer organizations to explain how the judges work together, each panel's success rate over a two-year period, and their practical application of TJ and social bonds theory to clients' lives.

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email: pbj@wtamu.edu
phone: 806-651-2471.