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Learning Disabilities - We Can Help

We Can Help

Our mission is to assist parents, educators and students dealing with learning disabilities. We know that it can be confusing and frustrating trying to understand what it means to have a learning disability. On this page you will find some basic information about learning disabilities and how we can help.

  • Research on Learning Disabilities
  • Community Projects
  • Speakers
  • Resources

Specific Learning Disabilities Definition

Specific learning disability (SLD) is a term defined in the Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA) 2004. SLD means that someone has a history of problems in one or more of the following areas understand or using spoken or written language. These problems usually show up in the following areas:

  • Listening
  • Thinking
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • Spelling
  • Math Calculations

This can include “such conditions as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia.

You are not considered to have a learning disability if:

  • You have problems with your vision, hearing or motor skills disabilities;
  • Your disability is the result of an intellectual disability also known as mental retardation;
  • Your disability is the result of an emotional or behavioral disturbance
  • Your problems have occurred because of your environment, culture, or economics (amount of money you do or do not make)  (IDEA 2004, § 602.30, Definitions)

Students are tested for difficulty in the following areas to see if problems in understanding or using language can be pinpointed:

    1. Listening Comprehension
    2. Oral Comprehension
    3. Basic Reading
    4. Reading Comprehension
    5. Reading Fluency
    6. Math Calculation
    7. Math Reasoning
    8. Written Expression

Students will qualify as a student with a specific learning disability (SLD) in one or more of these eight areas.


ADD:  Attention Deficit Disorder
ADHD:  Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

AEP:  Alternative Educational Placement

AI:  Auditory Impairment

ARD:  Admission/Review/Dismissal Meeting

AT:  Assistive Technology

AU:  Autism

Benchmarks –Practice tests given during the year

BIP:  Behavior Intervention Plan

CATE:  Career and Technology Education

CBI:  Community Based Instruction
CBM:  Curriculum Based Measurement

CM:  Content Mastery

CTED:  Career and Technology Education for Disabled

DAEP:  District Alternative Educational Placement

DEBT:  Developmental Education Birth through Two

ED:  Emotionally Disabled

ELL:  English Language Learners

ESL:  English Second Language

EYS:  End of Year Services

FAPE: Free Appropriate Public Education

FBA:  Functional Behavioral Assessment

FIE:  Full Individual Evaluation

GIA/FS:  General Intellectual Ability/ Full Scale

IDEA:  Individual Disabilities Educational Act

ID: Intellectual Disabilities

IEP:  Individual Education Program

ISS:  In School Suspension

ITP:  Individual Transitional Plan

JJAEP:  Juvenile Justice Alternative Educational Placement

LPC:  Licensed Professional Counselor

LD:  Learning Disabled

LEP:  Limited English Proficiency

LPAC:  Language Proficiency Assessment Committee

LRE:  Least Restrictive Environment

LSSP:  Licensed Specialist in School Psychology

MDR:  Manifestation Determination Review

MR:  Mental Retardation

NCLB:  No Child Left Behind Act

OHI:  Other Health Impairment

OI:  Orthopedic Impairment

OT:  Occupational Therapy

PBS:  Positive Behavior Support

PGP:  Post Graduation Plan

PLOP:  Present Levels of Performance

PPCD:  Preschool Programs for Children with Disabilities

PT:  Physical Therapy

RTI:  Response to Intervention/Instruction

SI:  Speech Impaired

SLP:  Speech Language Pathologist

SPED:  Special Education

TAKS:  Texas Assessment of Knowledge and Skills

TBI:  Traumatic Brain Injury

VAC:  Vocational Adjustment Coordinator

VI:  Visual Impairment