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PBJ: Politics, Bureaucracy and Justice Journal Volume 2, Issue 1

PB&J: Volume 2, Issue 1

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PB&J Volume 2, Issue 1


On the Reconciliation of Economic and Political Perspectives on Policy: An Examination of the Relationship between Past Policies and the American Reinvestment and Recovery Act of 2009

Author: Jonathan P. Ellis, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: This study examines the impact of incentives and constraints on public policy. The base for this examination is set by Thomas Sowell’s argument that, through a preliminary focus on created incentives and constraints, the results of certain types of policies can be more easily and reliably predicted. Additionally, that through recognition of such effects, more effective policy might be formulated. The benefits of this perspective are demonstrated through analysis of two historical policies: ethanol consumption and affordable housing measures. The study then applies this approach to the recent American Reinvestment and Recovery Act (ARRA). In order to divine true incentive and constraints of this stimulative measure the study investigates some original intentions and rationales inherent in stimulative measures in the work of John Maynard Keynes. The true rationales of these types of stimulative measures are identified within each section of the ARRA so that a more comprehensive view of its stimulative and non-stimulative measures might be recognized.

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The Complex Dynamics between German Citizens and Turkish Immigrants

Author: Jesse Jones, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: This article examines the latest immigration trends into Western Europe, particularly the immigration of Turks to Germany. The origins of Turkish immigration and German immigration law are reviewed. Turkey’s bid for European Union membership is examined historically and opinions about how this potential European Union member has caused controversy and how Turkey could change the face of the European Union will be discussed. Attitudes of German citizens toward immigrants are examined using data from the European Values Survey (EVS). Tests show that religion and possibly education level play a role in determining the attitude of German citizens toward immigrants, the majority of whom are Turkish.

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The Drug Bust Heard 'Round the World: A Fantasy Theme Analysis of Tulia, Texas

Author: Kirk Scarbrough, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: In 1999, a covert drug sting in Tulia, Texas, resulted in the arrest of 46 individuals, 39 of those African-American. This action sparked national media attention as claims were made that the incident was merely a target on the black community of Tulia, further segregating the town into conflicting factions. In 2008, the documentary Tulia, Texas was released. It documented both sides of the situation and gave a platform for the oppressed voices to share their narratives on the historical events. Through this critique, I analyze Tulia, Texas using Ernest Bormann’s method of fantasy-theme criticism to identify the themes and overall rhetorical vision created. By doing so, an image of continuous battling groups is evident, showing two completely contrasting views on the same situation framed by racism and prejudice. These contradictions create an image of a town that is still torn by conflict, hindered by the past and unable to move on to the future.

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Perceptions of Nature, Indigenous Peoples, and Questions of Identity: A Comparative Historical Analysis of Russian and American Frontier Settlement Policies upon the Rise of Modern Environmental Movements

Author: Byron E. Pearson, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: Although driven by vastly different ideologies, both capitalist America and Czarist-Soviet Russia wrought devastating environmental effects. In particular, the frontier regions of the United States and Russia were subject to rampant environmental exploitation of water resources, nuclear testing, mining, and other activities. However, each region also witnessed the genesis of nature and environmental movements that became somewhat mainstream in the late 20th and early 21st centuries. This essay explores the reasons why each frontier region was subjected to exploitation and how that exploitation led to the birth of a conservation ethic. Further, this essay explores the common ground that explains how and why these different societies produced an ecological consciousness that currently shapes environmental protection and policy in their respective countries. Specifically the paper explores the links between economic systems, science, philosophy, and cultural identity as possible explanations for the evolution of nature protection.

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Constitutionally Defining Marriage in a Non-Presidential Election Year: A Study of the Vote in Two States

Author: John David Rausch Jr, West Texas A&M University

Abstract: In 2004, voters in thirteen states approved amendments to their state constitutions defining marriage as involving one man and one woman. The process of states adding marriage definition amendments to their constitutions continued with voters in two states considering the issue in 2005. This paper examines the political context of the voting outcomes in those two states, Kansas and Texas. It analyzes the influence of religion on the county-level votes for the marriage definition amendments, controlling for various political, demographic, and socioeconomic variables. The analysis reveals that while religious affiliation was an important fact in the political environment, the relationship between support for marriage definition and the 2004 Republican presidential vote was more important. The analysis also exhibits evidence that counties with large African-American populations strongly supported marriage definition amendments.

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email: pbj@wtamu.edu
phone: 806-651-2471.

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