West Texas A&M University

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Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP)

Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP)

According to ACT, the Collegiate Assessment of Academic Proficiency (CAAP) is “the standardized, nationally normed assessment program from ACT that enables post-secondary institutions to assess, evaluate, and enhance student learning outcomes and general education program outcomes” (http://www.act.org/caap/index.html). It is a national standardized test that offers extensive national user norms, allowing the comparison of results to appropriate reference groups. Most importantly, the findings provide information at the University, college, program, and individual student levels. Results from CAAP become part of the informational database that is used by the University to evaluate general education programs and identify opportunities to enhance student learning.

The following report presents data from the CAAP administration during the 2013-2014 and 2014-2015 academic years separately. The WTAMU results are comprised of just those freshmen and sophomore test-takers who participated in the CAAP administrations, as these results are compared to the national norm group of all sophomore test-takers, from all institution types, participating in the CAAP. ACT uses a rolling three-year average for the CAAP comparison groups, so there are slight variations between the 2013-2014 comparison group (Nat Avg.) scores and those presented in the 2014-2015 comparison group data.

NOTES

2013-2014 CAAP Administration

WTAMU piloted the use of the CAAP during the spring 2014 semester, as 538 freshmen and sophomores participated in one of the four content-area assessment: Writing, Mathematics, Reading, and Critical Thinking. A total of 538 freshmen and sophomores at WTAMU participated in one of the four content-area assessments included in CAAP: 142 students in Writing; 129 students in Mathematics; 104 students in Reading; and 163 students in Critical Thinking. As seen in the Content-area Exam chart below, WTAMU students scored higher than the national norm group on the Critical Thinking and Mathematics exams, while scoring lower on the Writing and Reading exams. When examined by sub-score results, WTAMU students scored the same as the national norm group on Basic Algebra items, but scored lower than the comparison group on each of the other sub-score areas.

CAAP Results: Content-area Exams

WTAMU 2016-2014 CAAP Result Chart

CAAP Results: Sub-Scores

WTAMU 2013-2014 CAAP Results-Sub Scores

2014-2015 CAAP Administration

During the 2014-2015 academic year, the CAAP was administered during both the fall and spring semesters to students in Core signature courses. The CAAP Mathematics exam was not given during the spring semester; therefore, results for the CAAP Mathematics exam for 2014-2015 stem just from the fall 2014 CAAP administration. A total of 1153 freshmen and sophomores at WTAMU participated in one of the four content-area assessments included in the CAAP: 325 students in Writing; 194 students in Mathematics; 264 students in Reading; and 370 students in Critical Thinking. As seen in the Content-area Exam chart below, WTAMU students scored higher than the national norm group on the Critical Thinking and Mathematics exams, while scoring lower on the Writing and Reading exams. When examined by sub-score results, WTAMU students scored the same as the national norm group on Basic Algebra items, but scored lower than the comparison group on each of the other sub-score areas.

CAAP Results: Content-area Exams

WTAMU 2014-15 CAAP Results Chart

CAAP Results: Sub-Scores

WTAMU 2013-2014 CAAP Results-Sub Scores

CAAP Comparison by Classification: Content-area Exams

As indicated above, the main national norm group on the CAAP is all sophomore test-takers, regardless of institutional affiliation. However, results for freshmen and sophomores can be compared to other institutions that are considered peers to WTAMU. This section shows the results for freshmen at WTAMU compared to other freshmen at four-year public universities who participated in CAAP, while also showing results of sophomores at WTAMU compared to other sophomores at four-year public institutions.

When compared to other freshmen at four-year public institutions, WTAMU freshmen had a higher average score on the Mathematics (59 vs. 57) and Reading (58.8 vs. 58.7) exams, and lower on the Writing and Critical Thinking exams. WTAMU sophomores scored higher on the Critical Thinking exam (60.6 vs. 59.2) when compared with sophomores at other CAAP-participating four-year public institutions, but scored lower on the Writing, Mathematics, and Reading exams.

WTAMU 2014-15 CAAP Results Comparison Chart - Frehsman and Sophomor

CAAP Comparison by Classification: Sub-Scores

WTAMU freshmen had a higher average score on the Basic Algebra (16.2 vs. 14.7), College Algebra (15.6 vs. 14.6), and Social Sciences (15.2 vs. 14.7) exams when compared with freshmen at other CAAP-participating four-year public institutions, while scoring lower on the other sub-score areas. WTAMU sophomores scored higher the same as sophomores at other CAAP_participating four-year public institutions on the Basic Algebra (15.8 vs. 15.8) exam, while scoring below the comparison group on the other five sub-score areas.

WTAMU 2014-15 CAAP Results-Sub Scores comparision Freshman and Sophomores