Beginning Algebra
Answer/Discussion to Practice Problems
Tutorial 36: Practice Test on Tutorials 32  35
Problems 1a  1b: Solve each equation for the specified variable. 
1b. I = PRT;
for P
Answer:
Do you recognize this formula?
This happens to be the formula for simple interest, where I = simple interest, P = principal, R = annual percentage rate, and T = time in years.
In this problem we need to solve for P.
This means we need to get P on one side and
EVERYTHING ELSE on the other side using inverse operations.
Let's solve this formula for P:

Problems 2a  2b: Solve the following word problems. 
2a. A ramp 5 feet long is leaning against a raised platform which
is 4 feet above the ground. What is the distance from the ramp's
contact point with the ground and the base of the platform?
Answer:
Since we are looking for the side of a right triangle, we can
use the Pythagorean formula:
The variables in this formula represent the following:
a and b = legs
of the right triangle
c = hypotenuse of the right triangle
In this problem,
a = ? = this is the variable we are looking
for
b = 4
c = 5
Plugging the values into the formula we get:
FINAL ANSWER:
The distance from the ramp's contact point with the ground and the
base of the platform is 3. 
2b. A farmer has three cylindrical shaped containers to hold
feed in. Each container has the same radius of 3 feet and height
of 4 feet. What is the total volume of the three containers?
Answer:
Since we are needing to find the volume of a cylinder, we can
use this formula:
The variables in this formula represent the following:
V = volume of a cylinder
r = radius
h = height
In this problem,
V = ? = this is the variable we are looking
for
r = 3
h = 4
Plugging the values into the formula we get:
First, find the volume of a cylinder:
Each cylinder has a volume of 36cubic
feet or approximately 113.04 cubic feet. If there are three
of them, then we need to multiply this volume by 3.
The total volume for three cylinders is 108cubic
feet or approximately 339.12 cubic feet. 
Problem 3a: Answer the question on complimentary angles. 
3a. What is the complementary angle to 47 degrees?
Answer:
Basically we need an angle that when we add it to 47 we get 90.
Let's set it up and solve it algebraically, letting x be the missing angle and see what we get:
The complimentary angle to 47 degrees is 43 degrees. 
Problem 4a: Answer the question on supplementary angles. 
4a. What is the supplementary angle to 47 degrees?
Answer:
Basically we need an angle that when we add it to 47 we get 180.
Let's set it up and solve it algebraically, letting x be the missing angle and see what we get:
The supplementary angle to 47 degrees is 133 degrees. 
Problem 5a: Answer the question on congruent figures. 
Problem 6a: Answer the question on similar figures. 
6a. Figure ABCD is similar to figure EFGH.
If B = 60, C
= 50, and D =
45, what is the measure of G?
If AD = 25, EH = 50, and BC = 10, what is the length of FG?
Answer:
Since G corresponds
to C and the
figures are similar, then G
= C = 50.
Since side FG corresponds to side BC and the figures are similar to
each other, then FG and BC are in proportion to each other. Similarly,
EH and AD are in proportion to each other.
When setting up the proportion, make sure that you set it up the same
on both sides.
FG = 20 
Problems 7a  7d: Use the following figure to answer the questions.

7a. Find 2
if 7 = 75 degrees.
Answer:
Since 2 and 7
are alternate exterior angles and the two lines are parallel, then 2
= 7 = 75 degrees. 
7b. Find 3
if 6 = 75 degrees.
Answer:
Since 3 and 6
are alternate interior angles and the two lines are parallel, then 3
= 6 = 75 degrees. 
7c. Find 1
if 5 = 105 degrees.
Answer:
Since 1 and 5
are corresponding angles and the two lines are parallel, then 1
= 5 = 105 degrees. 
Problem 8a: Find the mean, median, and mode. 
8a. The number of points a receiver has made during the last
5 games is given in the following table:
Game

game 1

game 2

game 3

game 4

game 5

Points

12

6

12

12

18

Find the mean, median, and mode of the points he scored in a game.
Answer:
The mean is the average of the scores.
So we need to sum up all of the points and then divide by 5, since there
are 5 games:
The mean is 12.
The median is the middle value.
We need to list the numbers in numeric order:
6, 12, 12, 12, 18
Our median is going to be 12 (the second 6 listed). That number
has two values above it and two below it, so it is the middle value.
12 is the median.
The mode is the value that occurs the most
often.
It helps to list the numbers in order to find the mode.
6, 12, 12, 12,
18
12 occurs three times, which is the most.
12 is the mode. 
Problem 9a: Find the test score. 
9a. A student received scores of 62, 75, and 77 on three quizzes.
If tests count twice as much as quizzes, what is the lowest score that
the student can get on the next test to achieve a mean of at least 70?
Answer:
The student would have to score a 68 on the next test to have a mean
of 70. 
Problems 10a  10b: Write the next three numbers in the sequence. 
10a. 1, 3, 7, 13, 21, ...
Answer:
My first inclination is to see if there is some pattern in addition.
Well, we are not adding the same number each time to get to the next number.
But, it looks like we have 1 +2, 3 +4,
7 +6, 13 +8,
21, .... I see a pattern in addition  do you see it? We are always
adding the next even number.
The pattern is to add the next even number. The next three
terms would have to be 31, 43, and 57, since 21+10
= 31, 31 +12 = 43,
43 +14 = 57. 
10b. 1, 5, 25, 125, ...
Answer:
When you see a big jump in numbers all of the sudden  we start small
with 1, 5, and 25 then all of the sudden we are at 125  a good place
to start is multiplication or exponents. It is not a 100% rule, but
it gives you a starting place. It looks like we have 1 (5),
5 (5), 25 (5),
125,...There is a pattern in multiplication, we are always multiplying
by 5.
The pattern is to multiply the previous number by 5. The
next three terms would have to be 625, 3125, 15625, since 125(5) = 625, 625(5) = 3125, and 3125(5) = 15625. 
Problem 11a: Sara, Trudy, Jill and Karen all work for the same company.
One is a secretary, one is a manager, one is a computer programmer and
one is a engineer.
Use the statements below to answer the question that follows. 
11a.
A. Sara and Jill eat lunch with the manager.
B. Trudy and Karen carpool with the secretary.
C. Sara likes to work out with the engineer and the secretary.
Who is the secretary?
Answer:
You can use a process of elimination on this problem. Statement
A, Sara and Jill eat lunch with the manager, doesn't let us definitively
eliminate anyone from being the secretary.
However, statement B, Trudy and Karen carpool with the secretary,
eliminates Trudy and Karen from being the secretary.
Statement C, Sara likes to work out with the engineer and the
secretary, eliminates Sara.
The only one that could be (100%, without a doubt) the secretary
is Jill. 
Last revised on August 2, 2011 by Kim Seward.
All contents copyright (C) 2001  2011, WTAMU and Kim Seward.
All rights reserved.

